Check out the lopsided ELECTORAL MAP OF 1860. The Union Was Rapidly Changing Amidst Political Upheaval. American president Abraham Lincoln declared in his inaugural address that he would use force to maintain possession of Federal property and the war began with the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. The battle lines were clearly drawn. Long Term Causes - The American Civil War. The English term civil war was first used in 1651 to refer to the English Civil War. 2. It was perhaps far greater than that of the oil industry in the late 20th and early 21st century. The American Civil War. For more than 80 years, people in the Northern and Southern states had been debating the issues that ultimately led to war: economic policies and practices, cultural values, the extent and reach of the Federal government, and, most importantly, the role of slavery within American society. IN 1860, Lincoln was NOT even on the ballot in the South. on. In today’s lesson we will look at the long- term causes of the English Civil War. The vote caused the issue to explode across the nation, somehow everyone knew the issue was slowly becoming slavery and sides were chosen. A common explanation is that the Civil War was fought over the moral issue of slavery. The Civil War erupted from a variety of long-standing tensions and... Slavery in the Economy and Society. Content-Disposition: form-data; name="bwebpage" The election of Lincoln caused the state of South Carolina to call a state convention which voted unanimously in favor of secession on 20th December, 1860. Instead of a peaceful vote on slavery, the radicals from each side came and bloodies the place up, coining the term Bloody Kansas by the papers. 3. That meant that instead of having a latitude divide the slave and non-slave territory, the residents of the state would decide whether it joined as a slave state or a free state. The primary reasons behind this costly war include the long standing conflict between the two sides over the issue of slavery; and friction over which powers belonged to the sovereign states and which to the Federal government. The main issue discussed in these debates was slavery in the United States. So Congress went to work. It was these debates that made Lincoln a prominent figure in the national politics. The politics over slavery began to heat up in the early to … How did the US government get their revenue? Many saw Lincoln as a crusader against slavery. You have entered an incorrect email address! The main long term causes were based on the inequality between the Great Britain’s colonies in America and Great Britain, such as the rights, declaratory acts, the intolerable acts, sugar act, the proclamation and taxation. The silver lining is the EFFECT, which was it really got under the skin of northerners. It was in fact the basis for the formation of its first two political parties; the Democratic Republican party formed in 1792 under Thomas Jefferson, favored state rights while the Federalists under Alexander Hamilton believed in a centralized national government with strong fiscal roots. While the north and south had differences, The compromise of 1850 intensified their political differences between the two. The Fugitive Slave Act is in itself a cause of the Civil War. The American abolitionist movement emerged in the 1830s as part of religious revivalism seeing slavery as a personal sin and emancipation as a repentance for the sin. Content-Disposition: form-data; name="FolderID" Three-fifths of the wealthiest individuals in the Union came from the southern states and they were deeply invested in slavery. (Voting). By the half of the 20 th century, politics had dominated the nation and everything was chaotic. The American Civil War 1861-1865. (Yeah North). Their population grew by 8% but the land cultivated increased only by 1% in the second half of the 19th century, and this imbalance caused famines. Slavery. With the economies of major world powers Britain and France dependent on cotton from the southern states, many southerners believed that world powers would intervene on their behalf, giving them the confidence to take on the more powerful and resourceful north. As long as there were equal number of slave holding states in the south vis-a-vi Free states in the north, there was a perceived balance of power. Long-term effects of the Civil War Some long-term effects that occurred after the Civil War were the abolishment of slavery, the formation of blacks’ rights, industrialization and new innovations. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. In 1833, Dred Scott was purchased by US army surgeon John Emerson and taken to Winconsin which was a non-slave territory. However each new territory that applied for statehood would tilt the scales depending on weather it joined as a Free State or a Slave state. The American Civil War lasted till May 9, 1865 and was ultimately won by the Union forces. Divided religion Stoveâs characters were white and black, of the North and the South, benevolent and sadistic, all grappling with the institution of slavery. Check out the lopsided ELECTORAL MAP OF 1860, -----------------------------168071508944249 With learnodo he hopes to carry on his educative entertainment he begun 8 years ago. Below we will discuss the impact slavery had in leading up to the war as well as some of the differences between the two sides that led to such a great divide. Slavery was be the main bone of contention in this state vs federal government tussle leading up to the civil war. The short term causes, however, were the most effective because they happened quickly and completely divided the nation in half. China is one of the great nations that have gone through a lot of revolutions. The northern whites feared that if slavery continued to expand to new territories they would inevitably join the southern slave-holding states making the north irrelevant and the United States would eventually become totally dominated by elite Southern slaveholders. Short Term and Long Term Causes of the Civil War Essay 978 Words | 4 Pages. Uncle Tomâs Cabin was a path breaking fiction novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe, first published in installments in a magazine during 1850â51. You can find this in the 1860 Republican Party platform. Long-term Causes Short Term Causes 1. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. He had no intent to invade southern states nor did he intend to end slavery where it existed. This tussle led to the Missouri Compromise in 1820 establishing lands west of the Mississippi and below latitude 36Âº 30′ as slave and north of the line, except Missouri, as free. These states then agreed to form their own Federal Government calling it the Confederate States of America, on February 4, 1861. Made people want to fight to get rid of it! After the death of Emerson, Dred Scott and his family came under Emersonâs wife Eliza Irene Sanford. Do you not know that? -----------------------------168071508944249 Following that event he and his followers began an uprising and tried to take over a Federal arsenal.  Since the 17th century, the term has also been applied retroactively to other historical conflicts where at least one side claims to represent the country's civil society (rather than a feudal dynasty or an imperial power). He is the published author of California was admitted to the Union as a free state. What Were the Top 4 Causes of the Civil War? Congress’ Attempts to Deal with the Expansion of Slavery. What would happen if no cotton was furnished for three years? The American Civil War started due to the secession of Southern states who then went on to form a new federal government, the Confederate States of America. All Rights Reserved. The boxes below contain information about Charles I’s problems that help to explain why a Civil War happened. What about tariffs? Popularized by the New York Tribune the term âBleeding Kansasâ refers to the series of confrontations, electoral frauds, assaults and retributive murders that took place between these groups between 1854 and 1861. 7975 Free. While there were many political and cultural differences between the North and the South that contributed to the American Civil War, the main cause of the war was slavery. The short term cause, which acted as a trigger to the Great War was the assassination of Franz Ferdinand. Paul Preston: "no-one, except a tiny minority on the lunatic fringe on the extreme right or left, believe that Spain's problems could be solved only by war." Russian Civil War (1918–20), conflict in which the Red Army successfully defended the newly formed Bolshevik government led by Vladimir Lenin against various Russian and interventionist anti-Bolshevik armies. Long Term Causes of Civil War study guide by Ariellam includes 30 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Political Causes. The Abolitionists tried to reach and convert a mass audience. Abolitionists wanted to end slavery.escaped slaves like Federick Douglas spoke out against the horrors of slavery.pro slavery apologists in the south argued that dlavrd we're better off than northern … The decision caused an outrage among the anti-slavery groups and is counted among the worst decisions given by the US Supreme Court. Its expansion to newer territories opened up tremendous production opportunities for them to further their political and economic interests. The effect of the effect is the South began to see that the tide was turning against them and it might be time to jump ship and SECEDE. James’ son Charles was conceited and strongly believed in the divine right of kings. On November 6, 1860, to the surprise of many, Abraham Lincoln won the US presidential election without the support of a single southern state.