Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata): This tall native species resembles V. bonariensis, but is much more tolerant of cold and moist soil, and the flowers are more blue-violet in color. Showy, 6-inch panicles of purplish-blue flowers. Swamp vervain can, however, interfere with blood pressure medication and hormone therapy, and large doses cause vomiting and diarrhea. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Genus Verbena can be annuals, perennials or sub-shrubs, with toothed or pinnately lobed leaves and small, usually 5-petalled, salver-shaped flowers, typically held in spikes or panicles, in summer or autumn Details V. hastata is an upright, clump-forming perennial with narrow leaves up to 15cm long. Grow Verbena bonariensis in moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Pollinators love them, and the blooms are long lived. 1/4 inch individual blooms have a blue-violet corolla with 5 spreading lobes, a short-tubular calyx with 5 narrow teeth, 4 inserted stamens, and a pistil. Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata) Description: This is a slender, but erect, herbaceous perennial plant that is up to 5' tall. Verbena hastata. This native plant typically grows about 4’ tall, but I’ve grown them well over 6’ (2m). Blue vervain. Blue vervain is a native wildflower that spreads slowly through rhizomes and self-seeding. Most of the true Verbena species in North America are low-growing, small-flowered, and somewhat weedy plants that are frequently referred to as vervains. It is a rough, clump-forming perennial with a stiff, upright habit which typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6… It can grow in disturbed sites and is commonly found in moist meadows, thickets, pastures, riversides, marshes, ditches, and river-bottom prairies. CHECK AVAILABILITY. It will not tolerate standing water but can withstand irregular, seasonal inundation. Blue Vervain can offer a strong upright accent to any perennial garden or prairie/savanna. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Panicles appear candelabra-like with pencil-thin flower spikes. Verbena hastata (American Blue Vervain) is a tall, upright, clump-forming perennial adorned with spikes of small lavender purple flowers borne on tall, branched, candelabra-like stems. Flowers on each spike bloom bottom to top, only a few at a time. Research published in 2016 looked at the possible positive effects of vervain … The numerous crowning spikes of blossoms give a candelabra-like appearance to this graceful plant. Verbena absolutely must have full sun and well-drained soil, so choose the location carefully. Verbena (/ vərˈbiːnə /, vervain) is a genus in the family Verbenaceae. They love full sun and can thrive in a variety of conditions. Candelabras of slim spikes with tiny pink flowers are produced on … Blue Vervain Alcohol-FREE Liquid Extract, Organic Blue Vervain (Verbena Hastata) Dried Above-Ground Parts Glycerite Hawaii Pharm Natural Herbal Supplement 2 oz 4.5 out of 5 … FIRST IMPRESSIONS: Verbena hastata is a clumping perennial with stiff erect squarish stems… Verbenas originated in South and North America and … Blue vervain is a native, perennial wildflower that grows from 2 to 5 feet tall. The tall thin spikes of Blue Vervain grace the wet meadows of the US in July and August. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, The calyx persists and encloses 4 oblong, reddish-brown, triangular-convex ânutlets.â. To collect verbena seeds, allow a few of your plant’s flowers to die off naturally on the stem. Verbena is a plant. They bloom bottom to top with only a few open at a time. Some species formerly called verbenas now form part of the closely related genus Glandularia, which consists mainly of trailing plants with globular inflorescences. Propagating Verbena Plants from Seed. Individual plants are biennial, but … When to Cut: As desired—florets open a few at a time Fun Fact The genus name Verbena is from a Latin name for plants … Verbena hastata f. rosea (Pink-Flowered Blue Vervain) is a tall, upright, clump-forming perennial adorned with spikes of small clear pink flowers borne on tall, branched, candelabra-like stems. Blooms open bottom to top with only a few open at one time in mid to late summer. Gardeners looking for a flowering annual with a long blooming time and an ability to attract butterflies should consider the reliable verbena. Blooms open bottom to top with only a few open at one time in mid to late summer. Popular in the ancient world for its healing properties and, today, as an essential oil, verbena has long been associated with divinity and the supernatural. Verbena hastata. Leave dead stalks to provide winter interest and mulch annually with well-rotted manure or compost. They often do well in wet conditions as well, as I’ve often encountered them growing at the edge of ponds. Plant database entry for Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata) with 30 images, 2 comments, and 45 data details. swamp verbena. Verbena hastata. Stems are square and green or red with white appressed hairs. Plant in full sun to partial shade in average medium to wet soils and pinch the tops to encourage branching and a bushier growth habit. Do not eat any part of this plant if this applies to you! blue vervain. They have a long history of use as a medicinal remedy, as well as being dried for herbal tea. It is a rough, clump-forming perennial with a stiff, upright habit which typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') on square hairy stems which typically branch above. Seeds: Flowers will turn into brown nutlets. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The parts that grow above ground are used to make medicine. The most intense pruning will occur in early spring. The purple flowers occur in a candelabra-shaped panicle and are a high-value nectar plant with a long bloom season. In NC it is found in only a few counties of the coastal, Piedmont and mountain areas. Long and short-tongued bees collect the nectar and sometimes the pollen. In the wild, it forms colonies with slow-spreading rhizomes and self-seeds. Canada: NB , NS , ON , QC. The blue vervain ( V. hastata ) reaches a height of 1.5 metres (5 feet) and produces spikes of blue to purple flowers. Anti-Anxiety Relaxant. Because there … Blue vervain (Verbena hastata) plants have been valued for generations as hardy, ornamental butterfly attractions. A great plant for pond's edge where it seeds in between sedges and rushes and cheerfully holds its own. Blue Vervain, or Verbena Hastata is a tall perennial herb with spiked purple flowers. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun. Typically forms colonies in the wild by both thick, slowly spreading rhizomes and self-seeding. This is a common plant that occurs across North America. Also, large doses can … While verbena plants require less pruning than other herbs and perennials, they do need some occasional trimming to keep them neat and to encourage new growth. It branches occasionally along the upper half of its length. It can be recognized by its flowering spikes 4–6.5 mm wide with overlapping, but not crowded, flowers, and corolla tinged with blue. Verbena hastata Blue Vervain is a moisture-loving plant typically found in moist meadows and along streams. Up to 6 in long x 1 in wide, toothed, lance-shaped leaves with conspicuous veins that occur in pairs on the stem. If you want to be sure you get a genetic copy of the parent plant, you should grow from cuttings, as verbena seeds don’t always grow true to type. A hardy variety that has a variety of beautiful colours that will add depth and texture to the garden border or plant in patio containers for garden will less space. Growing Verbena Plants. Blooming from early summer to fall, the blossoms open from the bottom upwards for a long-lasting display. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Prev Next Pause Resume. The small, tubular, blue-violet flowers bloom from the bottom up in July's heat. Commonly known as vervain or simpler’s joy. Verbena hastata 'Rosea' (Verbena) A great plant for adding upright accent to a border, and it flowers for ages. What about purpletop vervain? The purple flowers occur in a candelabra-shaped panicle and are a high-value nectar plant with a long bloom season. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. May self-seed in gardens in optimum growing conditions. The deep blue-violet flower spikes are a highlight of the midsummer meadow, and remain blooming for up to 2 months. Given the right conditions, plants will self-seed freely, but in colder regions they may need protection from frost. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. This versatile plant comes in more than 250 perennial and annual varieties that range from vivid trailing plants with copious blooms and plants in hanging baskets to six-foot tall cottage garden accent plants. Verbena is a group of half-hardy to hardy herbaceous perennials, sometimes short-lived but very floriferous over several months. It is a perennial, although some people grow it like an annual because it will not always last as long as you might expect. swamp verbena. [ … The purple flowers appear in summer. Bumblebees are among the important pollinators. Native to North America. Externally, it has been applied to wounds, ulcers and acne. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Warning: blue vervain can interfere with blood pressure medication and hormone therapy. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. N.C. Can be short-lived. Features candelabra-like inflorescences of erect, slender, pencil-like spikes (2-6" long) of tiny, tubular, 5-lobed, densely-packed, purplish-blue flowers (1/8" wide) which appear over a long July-September bloom period. Blooming from early summer to fall, the blossoms open from the bottom upwards for a long-lasting display. Verbena hastata (American vervain, blue vervain or swamp verbena) is a flowering plant in the vervain family, Verbenaceae. Verbena plants, known for its brightly colored blossoms and fast growth, are sun-loving and drought tolerant, making them perfect for warmer climates. It is a herb with opposite, simple leaves which have double-serrate margins, borne on stiffly erect, branching square stems. Cottontail rabbits eat the foliage, however, most mammals avoid its bitter taste. Verbena hastata, commonly called blue vervain, is a Missouri native perennial which commonly occurs in wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas throughout the State except for the Ozark region where it is uncommon (Steyermark). Verbena can be propagated both by cuttings and by seed. Verbena hastata × Verbena urticifolia → Verbena ×engelmannii Moldenke is a rare vervain hybrid known from CT, MA, NH, VT. Verbena hastata is a moisture loving plant that can easily adapt to dryer garden conditions in rich, loamy soil. Its hairy, square stems can be green or red. Lance-shaped, sharply toothed, green leaves (to 6" long).Genus name comes from a Latin name used for some plants in religious ceremonies and also in medicine.Specific epithet means spear-shaped. Other bee pollinators include epoline cuckoo bees, eucerine miner bees, halictid bees, and the verbena bee (a specialist pollinator). Plant Description Plant: Clumps of stiff, squared, hairy green stems with toothed, lance-shaped green leaves up to 6" in length. Plant in full sun to partial shade in average medium to wet soils and pinch the tops to encourage branching and a bushier growth habit. Verbena hastata is a short-lived perennial that readily self sows where happy. The plant forms clumps of stiff upright stems with lanced-shaped leaves with toothed margins. Verbena hastata, commonly called blue vervain, is a Missouri native perennial which commonly occurs in wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas throughout the State except for the Ozark region where it is uncommon (Steyermark). The green to reddish stems are four-angled, often with white appressed hairs. Plants will … It is a very strong plant, covered with white flowers. The opposite leaves are up to 6" long and 1" across. A wonderful collection of Verbena hastata that create an abundance of flowers on tall spires with bushy deciduous foliage below. It is typically found in low woods, wet prairies, wet meadows and along streams. Mainly known for its use as a medicinal herb, blue vervain (Verbena hastata) grows 2 to 6 feet tall and blooms July to September. Verbena is a great summer plant with long bloom times and a great tolerance to heat. Use this plant in moist sites as around ponds, bogs or water and rain gardens. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. ‘Snowflurry’ is more upright than other trailing verbenas. Verbena plants are beautiful additions to any garden. Larval host plant for verbena moth and the common buckeye butterfly. The toothed, lance shaped leaves progress in pairs up the stem and are about 6 inches long by 1 inch wide. AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Asia. It contains about 250 species of annual and perennial herbaceous or semi-woody flowering plants. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Cardinals, sparrows, and juncos eat the seeds. Verbena hastata. Borders, meadows, prairies, native plant gardens or informal/naturalized areas. In addition, the thread-waisted wasp, bee flies, thick-headed flies and golden soldier beetle are also known to all visit blue vervain. It has been used for many years as a medicinal herb for treating convalescents and people suffering from depression, headaches, jaundice, cramps, coughs and fevers.
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